Pet Peeves Monday: Deceptive Marketing

When it comes to what we feed our pets, some of us are already fiendish label readers.  We want to know every single ingredient that will be making its way into their fuzzy little bellies.

But I know that some folks still trust the slick marketing use of words like natural/nature, and I just want to encourage them to ignore those words from now on.  Forget what it says on the front of the bag, pouch, or can.  Turn it around and really read those ingredients.

Li'l Girl - Don't Feed Me Weird Stuff!

An Example of Deceptive Marketing

I hate to single out and pick on one company, because their are many offenders out there, but I’m going to show an example of the kind of misleading marketing I’m warning you about.  In this example, I’m going to use a specific product from a company called Nature’s Recipe.  I know that this particular company makes quite a few different products, some of which might live up to its name.  But the product I will discuss below does not.

Nature’s Recipe: The name sounds good, huh?  Sure, you want your pet to eat food like it was meant to be… like good ol’ Mother Nature intended.  Anyone could be fooled by that name.  Many companies also have a tagline, or a slogan.  The tagline for Nature’s Recipe is: Every Ingredient Counts.  Boy, they’re really pushing it.  Without reading the back of the label, you’re thinking that this product is a) natural and b) that this company really pays attention to every single ingredient, and only wants to include the best ingredients for your pet.
But you cannot trust the name or the tagline, as we’re going to see below.  I’m going to break down my example product, ingredient-by-ingredient.  If you don’t have time to read the descriptions, that’s okay… you can just skim the ingredients in bold.

Nature’s Recipe Soft & Chewy Training Dog Treats

Nature's Recipe - Not Exactly Natural

Ingredients (bear in mind that ingredients must be listed in order of volume):

  • Chicken – Good/Acceptable
  • Corn Syrup – Would rather not see a sweetener as the second ingredient.  Also, many dogs are allergic to corn products
  • Soy Flour – Many dogs are allergic to soy products – better alternatives would be potato flour, barley flour, oat flour
  • Wheat Flour – Many dogs are allergic to wheat products – see better alternatives above.
  • Corn Starch – More corn – a better alternative would be tapioca starch.
  • Water Sufficient for Processing – Neutral/Good
  • Propylene Glycol – An additive produced from propylene oxide.  Classified as GRAS  (Generally Recognized as Safe) by the FDA for humans, as well as for dogs, but not cats.  In cats, propylene glycol has been shown to cause a blood condition called Heinz body anemia.  Has a number of applications in pet food, but I’m guessing in this case, it’s serving as a humectant (substance used to keep things moist).  Considered GRAS or not, its use in food applications has been controversial because it is the key ingredient in many industrial products such as antifreeze/coolants, brake/hydraulic fluids, paints/coatings, urethanes, etc.  What really concerns me here is that its the sixth ingredient down.
  • Animal Fat (with BHA used as a preservative) – Usually obtained from the rendering of tissues of non-specified animals, often remnants of our own meat packing process for those scraps which are not fit for human consumption.  Common practice is to heavily preserve already rancid fats, with chemical preservatives (such as BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin) to prevent further deterioration.  We see that BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) has been used here.  Not only is it unnatural, but it’s a potential carcinogen.
  • Animal Digest – According to the FDA, digests are materials treated with heat, enzymes and/or acids to form concentrated natural flavors.  For example, only a small amount of a “chicken digest” is needed to produce a “Chicken Flavored Cat Food,” even though no actual chicken is added to the food.  From other sources, I understand that animal digest can be made from unspecified animal parts, and that there are no rules governing quality or contamination.  Waste from restaurants/supermarkets/butchers can be used, as well as even animals in the 4D category (dead, diseased, disabled, or dying).  Oh yay!  Hmm, how about just using an actual natural flavor instead?  Because animal digest is cheap, that’s why.  It’s a by-product made of trash.
  • Calcium Sulfate – A naturally occurring mineral in the forms of gypsum or anhydrite; it is also a by-product in a number of processes.  Often used as a desiccant (drying agent) or coagulant in food.  It does appear on the FDA’s GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) list of additives.  Probably not going to hurt your pet, but not necessary either.
  • Soy Protein Concentrate – This is basically defatted soy flour without the water-soluble carbohydrates.  Can be used as a functional or nutritional additive.  Not sure if it’s used in this case to increase the protein content or as an emulsifier or both.  Not necessarily bad, but as mentioned earlier, many dogs are allergic to soy products.
  • Sugar – Corn syrup already appears as the second ingredient – we really don’t need another sweetener.
  • Beef – Good, but too far down the ingredient listing to have any significant nutritional benefit.
  • Salt – Acceptable in this small amount.
  • Potassium Chloride – Potassium is a mineral necessary for the proper function of many body systems.  However, it is sometimes also simply used as a salt substitute for food, but due to its weak, bitter, unsalty flavour, it is usually mixed with ordinary table salt for this purpose to improve the taste.  Do not know if it’s included in these treats for nutritional value or as an attempt to to add more flavor.
  • Titanium Dioxide (color) – A naturally-occurring mineral, but not a nutritive mineral for humans or pets.  Most commonly used as pigment for industrial and food uses.  Has a high refractive index and is a key ingredient is nearly almost all suncreen products.  Not known to be toxic when ingested in small amounts.  Found to be possibly carcinogenic only when inhaled as a fine dust.  It is indicated that it used in these treats as a coloring, which is totally unnecessary.  Your dog doesn’t care what color his/her treats are.
  • Phosphoric Acid – Has many industrial uses.  Often added to food products to add tangy or sharp flavor (very common ingredient in soda pop), or as a preservative.  In this case, I’m thinking preservative.  Not known to be toxic in small doses – likely harmless to your pet.
  • Sorbic Acid (used as a preservative) Natural organic compound that is a very common food preservative used to inhibit fungal and bacterial growth.
  • Garlic Powder – Natural.  Not known to be toxic in very small amounts.
  • Caramel Color – One of the oldest and most widely-used food colorings, and is GRAS by the FDA.  There are four different classifications of caramel color, depending on the reactant used in their manufacture.  Commercially-produced caramel color has been determined be no more toxic than caramel produced by cooking or heating sucrose, except for those prepared using ammonium (Class III and IV).  It is unknown which class is used in these treats.  Certain caramel color has been found to be contaminated with two cancer-causing chemicals and it looks like it’s still a problem as recently as this month.  Regardless, the amount of caramel color in these treats is not likely enough to be harmful to your pet in any way.  However, it’s still completely unnecessary.  There is no need for artificial colors.  Again, your dog doesn’t care about the color.
  • Natural Smoke Flavor – The main ingredient in natural smoke flavor is known as AM 01, which is usually derived by making a solution from the hot vapors produced by burning beech wood.  Its safety has been debated.  The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has expressed concerns about genotoxic compounds.  So, perhaps safe, perhaps not… but another unnecessary ingredient.  Called “natural”, but as far as I’m concerned, liquid smoke isn’t natural… and certainly not something an animal would consume in a natural environment.
  • Red 40 – Also known as Allura Red AC.  Artificial color.  Made from petroleum.  Its safety has been debated, and it has been banned in many European countries.  Unnatural and unnecessary.
  • BHA (used as a preservative) – This was covered earlier.  Not good.
  • Citric Acid (used as a preservative) – Weak organic acid.  It occurs naturally in citrus fruits, but is produced in high volume by fermentation.  It has many industrial uses, but is used here as natural preservative.  As preservatives go, I’m okay with this one.
  • Yellow 5 – Also known as Tartrazine.  Artificial color.  Like Red 40, it is made from petroleum.  Its safety has also been debated and it has been banned in several European countries with warnings in others.  Again, unnatural and unnecessary.
  • Yellow 6 – Also known as Sunset Yellow FCF.  Artificial color.  More difficult to find information on – even the Wiki page was lacking a lot of citation.  Concerns seemed to be similar to Yellow 5, though and there have been urges to ban it.  One more unnatural and unnecessary ingredient.  

Twenty-six ingredients… most of which are, to put it most unscientifically: crap.  Very little about these treats sound like “Nature’s Recipe” to me.  In fact, I’m certain you won’t find this recipe anywhere in nature.  “Every Ingredient Counts”, huh?  Counts to what?  The number of years one should subtract from their dogs’ lives by feeding artificial hodge-podge treats such as these?

Why Pick on These Treats and Not Other Junk?

But there are tons of junk food for pets on the market!  Why am I picking on these particular treats?  Why not pick on the hundreds of other junky dog treats?  I’m picking on these specifically because of the misleading name and tagline.  Because I am irked that companies continue to use deceptive names, slogans, and taglines in an effort to dupe consumers into believing they are buying something good for their pets.  I am tired of seeing people fooled by clever marketing.

Perhaps you, as a reader, aren’t fooled and have never been fooled.  “Well, *I* would never give those to my dog.  *I* always read the labels and pay attention to what I feed my dog(s),” you say.  And I believe you.  But, a lot of people are being fooled.  I looked at reviews for these specific treats at many different retailers and they had an average review score of 4-5 stars across all those retailers.  People are buying these treats and reviewing them highly simply because their dogs gobbled them right up.  I am not psychic and haven’t interviewed these buyers, but I’d bet dollars to doughnuts that they trusted the healthy-sounding name and didn’t even read the ingredients.  And I’m not blaming them for that… I blame the shady marketing practices.  But I want them to get out of the habit of trust and get into the habit of reading.

If we want our pets to thrive and be our companions for as long as possible, we simply must pay attention to what we feed them.  Will it kill them if they have this junk once in a while?  Probably not.  But why not give them something better?  There are so many better treats to be used, whether store-bought or home-cooked.

Price Worries

If cost is a concern, let me offer you a price comparison.  There are many training treats out there with better ingredients than the “bad guys” I pointed out above.  We happen to use Zuke’s Mini Naturals pretty often, and I most often buy them at Chewy.com while I’m getting other food/supplies, so Chewy is what I will use for a comparison.  Bear in mind that prices vary among retailers.

Nature’s Recipe Soft & Chewy Training Dog Treats – $2.59 for a 3.5 oz jar or $3.59 for a 7 oz jar = 74 cents per ounce or 51 cents per ounce

Zuke’s Mini Naturals Roasted Chicken Recipe Dog Treats – $4.97 for a 6 oz bag or $7.99 for a 16 oz bag = 83 cents per ounce or 50 cents per ounce

At first glance, the Nature’s Recipe appears to be cheaper.  But as you can see, when broken down by ounce, the pricing comes out to be very similar.  So when price is a factor in the products you choose for your pets, be sure to take a deeper look, because what appears to be cheaper isn’t always so.

Summary:  Some products that call themselves natural really are such.  Some are not.  The important thing is to ignore names and slogans, and instead base your decisions on the ingredients.  Also, look into the company, its background, and its production facilities.  Be happy with what you feed your pets.  Don’t feel bad if they get junk occasionally.  It happens.  I’m sure the little nibbles of mac & cheese I shared with the wieners on Friday night wasn’t GREAT for them – it probably wasn’t great for me.  But I know exactly what it was.  It wasn’t parading around calling itself a salad 😉

Disclaimer:  We have never used Nature’s Recipe Soft & Chewy Training Dog Treats.  I know I slammed them pretty hard, and I did so based on ingredients alone, not based on personal experience with the product.  Also, the choice of treats for price comparison was random.  There are plenty of other great training treats out there, and we have used others that we liked.

Nature’s Recipe – Every Ingredient Counts is a registered trademark of the Del Monte Corporation

22 Responses to Pet Peeves Monday: Deceptive Marketing

  1. Dogs N Pawz says:

    Great article! It is always so confusing for me but I learned a few things by reading your post! Thanks for voting for Phe! You can vote once a day until the 22nd of August. If you have time we would appreciate your vote! Thanks again!
    Dogs N Pawz recently posted…Monday Mischief #55: Phe and the Fly Trap!My Profile

    • Pam says:

      Thanks. I don’t love writing about this kind of stuff, but I do want people to be aware and really give pet food/treats a good looking-over before they make a purchase. We just can’t trust companies to present us with the truth.
      And of course I’ll keep voting for Phe!

  2. Now, now…. We’ve got to go check our cans of their dog food! Maybe our Mommy needs to do a little bit more research on their products.

    Thanks for the informative post.

    Hugs,
    Lily Belle & Muffin

    • Pam says:

      You know I’d rather just blab about doxies all day. Honestly, I hate to write about this kind of stuff. The informative posts are boring, but I get so upset about some things and I just have to say something. And then that something turns into 87,000 words of something.
      Definitely check out your food/treats! Make sure they’re living up to what they promise!

  3. emma says:

    Mom says that it is the same with people food. The companies try to fool everyone with names, photos and pricing tricks but you have to be smart enough to really look into what you are buying.
    emma recently posted…Happy Birthday Mom | GBGV | Mischief MondayMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      Yep! It IS the same with food for people. I don’t trust any of it anymore. The better they try to make something appear, the less I trust it. I pick it up and flip it over immediately to read the ingredients. And most of the time, the ingredients prove to be the opposite of what’s touted on the front of the package.

  4. GizmoGeodog says:

    This is a really great post today…I’ve shared it everywhere as it should be required reading…What strikes me is that 1. We know our kids are sugar junkies, now they want our dogs to be too and 2. All that coloring? why??? The dog’s certainly don’t care…I’m a pretty careful label reader and try to urge others to do the same
    GizmoGeodog recently posted…Let’s Talk Poop plus a FetchEarth GiveawayMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      I know! Why add sugars? And colors? It doesn’t make any sense at all. Dogs don’t need the sugars and don’t care about the colors. If a company is wanting to produce cheap treats, you’d think they’d leave out as many ingredients as possible. It doesn’t even make sense for their own bottom line to add more ingredients than are necessary.
      Either way, people have got to start reading and paying attention to what’s actually in those “natural” treats/food they are buying. Thank you for sharing!

  5. I hope tons of folks read this. I *hope* that people are starting to be more conscious of what they put into themselves and into their pets as well. Obviously there’s a long way to go since I would say the majority of the pet foods/treats sold at grocery stores is crap – but there’s always half an isle full of that stuff at every grocery store. So lots of people must be buying it without giving it a second thought. I suppose those people don’t really worry too much about what *they’re* eating either.
    Jackie Bouchard recently posted…Monday Mischief: My Puzzled PuppyMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      I know, right? Pre-made food, processed food, whatever you want to call it… I don’t mind it… I *mind* when it contains things that it just doesn’t need to contain. Seriously, I don’t want to make my own crackers. But I know that it should only take about five ingredients – anything more than five would just be seasonings. So if I pick up a box of crackers, I don’t want to see twenty-five ingredients, most of which are not remotely natural.
      But the grocery stores are full of that exact kind of crap. And people are going to buy what they’re going to buy for themselves. That’s their choice. But their pets don’t get a choice. It’s hard to watch people buy bad stuff for their pets and not say anything… like, “Hey, that’s just flour and corn syrup and propylene glycol and artificial color and probably some ground-up garbage meat… please don’t feed it to your dogs!” They’d probably look at me crazy and tell me in no uncertain terms to mind my own business.

  6. houndstooth says:

    It’s gotten to the point where anything with “nature” or “natural” in the name sends up a red flag for me, not just with the dog food, but with human food, too. Maybe I’ve just gotten too jaded…
    houndstooth recently posted…Adventures In WalkingMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      Exactly! And nope, you’re not too jaded. The problem is that so many people are still too trusting. I don’t understand how everyone doesn’t feel jaded at this point. Enough to stop and read before they buy. Grocery shopping takes me forever just because I don’t trust anything.

  7. Excellent post! I’m usually a careful reader of labels and sometimes the ingredients in “natural” products are pretty shocking! sharing.
    Sue at Talking Dogs recently posted…Adopt Presley Pointer Lab Mix Dog | Tuesdays TailsMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      Especially because sometimes it’s just a flat-out lie. You read the label and think to yourself, “Okay, these 35-letter, multi-hyphenated words just cannot be natural!”

  8. Wow, that ingredients list looks bad enough to be human food. 🙂

    I find the most affordable treats are often the healthiest. I dehydrate sweet potato for Honey and organic liver. Both are far cheaper than any treat from the store and don’t have mystery ingredients.
    Pamela | Something Wagging recently posted…What Do You Expect From a Dog Blog?My Profile

    • Pam says:

      Ha! Right? Sounds a lot like human junk!
      We really do need to start making our own treats! They LOVE dehydrated sweet potatoes! We buy Sam’s Yams sometimes, but I know we could just be making them ourselves. I bet they would totally love some dehydrated liver and other meats too. I just need to a) get a dehydrator and b) not be so lazy. Although I’ve heard you can also use a regular oven to dehydrate – you just have too set it really low, like at 200° or so.

  9. Well said! I was sucked into the marketing gimmicks, and then Nola’s food allergies came up. Talk about a blessing in disguise! She used to get Milkbones, Pupperoni and Science Diet because that’s what I was told was best and what her vet at the time recommended. Now she’s on a home cooked diet, her treats are all USA made, corn/soy free (her allergies), limited ingredients if possible, and I only give her things I would and could eat myself. If I were to ever go back to kibble, which I will when I travel with her, she’ll be on either Orijen, Acana, or The Honest Kitchen.
    Dachshund Nola and her mom recently posted…Wordless WednesdayMy Profile

    • Pam says:

      We did home-cooked for a little while back when we only had LittleBear. He was very picky back then, so it was just something we ended up doing. But I was never confident about getting his nutrition right. After we got Li’l Girl, who was absolutely not picky… he took right after her. If she ate her dinner with aplomb, so would he. A dog that was completely disinterested in any kind of dog food suddenly ate it with gusto. It was the multi-dog effect, I guess. Their pack instinct takes over and it’s like, “Hey, I better chow down on this or the others will!”
      Anyway, after LittleBear passed, we got Austin… he’s even MORE unpicky than Li’l Girl, so they’re easy to feed. We still feed kibble, and it’s funny, we have the EXACT same preferences!! They currently eat primarily Acana… Orijen if I feel they need more protein… and Honest Kitchen for variety away from kibble. If I could ever feel confident about getting their nutrition right, I might consider cooking for them. Might. I don’t know. I’m pretty lazy.
      I’m glad you got away from the bad stuff. I think we’ve all fed it at one point in time or another, because we didn’t know any better. The dogs we had when I was growing up got ALL kinds of bad stuff because my parents didn’t know any better. If my 78-yr-old mother still had any dogs, I know she’d still be giving them bad stuff because she would trust whatever the package said. I’d have to intervene and probably just buy food/treats for them.

  10. HilyBee says:

    Very well said!! We make all our own treats except training treats. For training treats we use Cherrios or carrots. We’ve found that baking/making our own treats is WAY cheaper too! We make milk bones, peanut butter bones, or chicken/beef flavored bones. They are his fav and only cost about $2.00-$5.00 per batch (about 100 mini treats per batch). Plus side – we decide the flavor and of course know exactly what goes into them. We also use homemade ice treats and homemade Kong stuffings. Like many others, I have been sucked into the marketing ploys in the past – buying soft treats that appeared good. So glad I’ve found information like this to set me straight!
    HilyBee recently posted…Review Day: Script Kiddie (Book 2)My Profile

    • Pam says:

      That’s awesome that you make all your own treats! I really, really, really want to start making treats for my two. Except that I don’t. Because I’m lazy. And can’t cook worth a flip. No, actually I can bake okay… I’m much better at baking things than cooking things (like cooking on the stovetop, I mean). I pin all these dog treat recipes, then never get around to making them. I’m so bad!

  11. Jodi says:

    I’m on the soapbox with you girlfriend, the bottom line is people need to educate themselves.

    I always read ingredients (yes I’m one of those) and try to educate whenever possible. It was put this way to me once (and I can’t remember where I heard this) but anal juice is ‘natural’ and I wouldn’t feed that to my dog.

    There are so many things in the food industry that are extremely bad for us and our pets, but when you look and see what an epidemic obesity is in this country, how can we expect people to read pet food labels?
    Jodi recently posted…Follow-Up Friday Has FleasMy Profile

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